Key Events & Causes: War of 1812
1806 -> Napolean excludes British goods from "fortress Europe" American ships caught in middle as British
respond with blockade. British seize 1000 U.S. ships, French ca. 500.
1803-1812->British impress American sailors British captains took over 10,000 American citizens to man ships.
June 1807 -> Chesapeake -Leopard fight Chesapeake fired on by Leopard after refusing to be boarded. 3 Americans killed,
December 1807->Embargo Act Jefferson's attempt at "peaceful coercion" resulted in economic disaster for merchants.
1810-> War Hawks elected to Congress Calhoun, Clay, others bothered by insults to U.S. and Indian presence
1811->Battle of Tippecanoe Tecumseh's brother (the Prophet) led attack on Harrison's army of 1000.
June 18, 1812-> Congress declares "Mr. Madison's War" Pushed by War Hawks, Madison asked for declaration.
All Federalists oppose it.
August 16, 1812->British capture Ft. Mackinac U.S. lost fort as British invade American territory.
1812-> Invasion attempts of Canada 3 attempts of U.S. to invade Canada all fail.
1812 -> Constitution vs. Guerriere Victory by U.S. ship ("Old Ironsides"). Other privateers captured or burned
January 1813-> Battle of Frenchtown Kentucky troops repelled by British and Indians in bloody fighting. American survivors
killed in Raisin River Massacre.
April 1813->Battle of York (Toronto) U.S. troops took control of Great Lakes, burn York. This action later returned
by British burning of Washington, D.C.
September 1813-> Battle of Lake Erie British naval attack repulsed by Capt. Perry.
October 1813-> Battle of Thames Tecumseh killed in U.S. victory. NW Indians weakened by battle.
March 1814->Battle of Horseshoe Bend Andrew Jackson defeated Creek Indians.
1814 -> British plan 3-part invasion of U.S.: Chesapeake Bay, Lake Champlain, & mouth of Mississippi River British
burned capital's buildings, but were turned back at Baltimore harbor.
September 1814 -> Battle of Plattsburgh U.S. secured northern border with victory over larger British force.
December 15,1814 -> Hartford Convention Group of Federalists discussed secession, propose 7 amendments to protect influence
of Northeast states.
December 24, 1814-> Treaty of Ghent British and American diplomats agreed on status quo ante bellum
January 1815-> Battle of New Orleans Jackson's forces defeated British. 700 British killed, 1400 wounded. U.S. losses:
8 killed, 13 wounded